A Guide to Building Your First Computer
Computers are a staple in most households and workplaces, and they perform a variety of tasks that make our lives easier. While you can purchase a pre-built computer from a store, building your own computer from scratch is a more rewarding experience. Not only will you save money, but you’ll also end up with a custom-built machine that perfectly suits your needs.
In this guide, we’ll help you build your own PC. We’ll cover everything from choosing the right components to putting it all together and getting it up and running. By the end, you’ll be able to proudly say that you built your own computer!
How to choose the right components
Building your own computer starts with choosing the right components. This can
be a daunting task, but we’ll make it easy for you.
The first thing you need to decide is what kind of computer you want to build.
Do you want a powerful gaming PC? A sleek and lightweight laptop? Or a simple
and affordable desktop?
What are the right components for my build?
Once you’ve decided on the type of computer you want, you need to choose the
right components. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
The processor is the brain of your computer. It handles all the calculations and tasks that your computer needs to perform. When choosing a processor, you need to consider its clock speed and the number of cores it has. For most users, a processor with a clock speed of 3GHz and 4 cores should be sufficient.
- Graphics card
If you’re planning on doing any gaming or video editing, then you’ll need a good graphics card. For most games, you’ll want a card with at least 4GB of memory.
Memory, or RAM, is what your computer uses to store data and instructions while it’s running. When choosing how much memory to get, you need to consider what you’ll be using your computer for. If you’re only going to be using it for basic tasks, then 4GB of memory should be sufficient. However, if you’re planning on doing any heavy-duty work or gaming, then you’ll need 8GB or more.
Storage is where your computer stores all its files and programs. If you only need to store a few hundred gigabytes of data, then a standard hard drive will suffice. However, if you need to store more than that, or if you want a faster storage option, then you’ll need to get an SSD.
- Operating system
The operating system is the software that runs on your computer and lets you perform all the tasks you need to do. Windows and macOS are the two most popular operating systems. If you’re not sure which one to choose, then we recommend checking out our article on the best operating systems for laptops.
- Keyboard and mouse
Every computer needs a keyboard and mouse. When choosing a keyboard, you need to consider the type of keys (membrane, mechanical, or scissor), the layout (QWERTY or Dvorak), and the size (full-size or tenkeyless). As for mice, you need to decide whether you want an optical or laser mouse, and whether you want a wired or wireless connection.
Unless you’re planning on using your computer with a TV or projector, you’ll need a monitor. When choosing a monitor, you need to consider the resolution (1080p, 1440p, or 4K), the size (24 inches or 27 inches), and the refresh rate (60Hz, 75Hz, 144Hz, or 165Hz).
The case is what holds all your computer’s components. It comes in a variety of sizes (ATX, microATX, or miniITX), and you need to choose one that fits all the components you want to use.
- Power supply
The power supply provides power to all the components in your computer. When choosing a power supply, you need to consider its wattage and the type of connector it has (ATX, EPS, or PCI-E).
How to assemble your computer
Once you have all the components you need, it’s time to assemble your
computer. This can seem like a daunting task, but we’ll walk you through it step
- Start by placing your motherboard on a flat surface. If you’re using an ATX motherboard, then you can mount it in your computer case now. However, if you’re using a MicroATX or miniITX motherboard, then you’ll need to build your computer on top of the motherboard.
- Next, you’ll need to install the CPU. Make sure that the CPU is properly seated in the socket, and then apply pressure to the top of the CPU until it locks into place.
- Next, you’ll need to install the CPU cooler. If you’re using a stock cooler that came with your CPU, then follow the instructions that came with the cooler. Otherwise, if you’re using an aftermarket cooler, then you’ll need to install it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Now, you’ll need to install the RAM. Make sure that the RAM is properly seated in the slots, and then apply pressure to the top of the sticks until they lock into place.
- Next, you’ll need to install the graphics card. If you’re using a PCI Express graphics card, then make sure that it’s properly seated in the slot. For an SLI or CrossFire setup, you’ll need to install two graphics cards.
- Now, you’ll need to connect the power supply to the motherboard. If you’re using an ATX power supply, then you’ll need to connect the 24-pin power connector and the 8-pin power connector. For a MicroATX or miniITX motherboard, you’ll only need to connect the 24-pin power connector.
- Next, you’ll need to connect the storage drives to the motherboard. If you’re using an SSD, then you’ll need to connect it to the SATA port. If you’re using a hard drive, then you’ll need to connect it to the power supply and the motherboard.
- Now, you’ll need to connect the optical drive to the motherboard.
- Finally, you’ll need to connect all the peripherals (keyboard, mouse, monitor, etc.) to the appropriate ports on the motherboard.
And that’s it! You’ve now successfully assembled your first computer.